Purging Exhausted Virus-Specific CD8 T Cell Phenotypes by Somatic Cell Reprogramming

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2017 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Cytotoxic T cells are critical in controlling virus infections. However, continuous antigen stimulation and negative regulatory factors cause CD8 T cells to enter a dysfunctional state (T cell exhaustion), resulting in viral persistence. We hypothesized that the exhausted T cell state could be molecularly rejuvenated using a somatic cell reprogramming technology, which is technically able to convert any types of cells to induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), to regenerate functional T cells capable of purging chronic infection. We generated a new mouse line (B6/129OKSM) in which every somatic cell contains four doxycycline-inducible reprogramming genes (Oct4, Klf4, Sox2, and c-Myc: OKSM), and infected them with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) clone 13 to establish chronic infection. Exhausted LCMV-specific T cells isolated by flow sorting were successfully reprogrammed ex vivo into iPSCs in the presence of doxycycline. Upon injection into blastocysts and subsequent transfer into foster females, the reprogrammed cells differentiated into functional naive T cells that maintained their original antigen specificity. These results provide proof of concept that somatic cell reprogramming of exhausted T cells into iPSCs can erase imprints of their previous exhausted state and in turn regenerate functional virus-specific T cells.
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    Author List

  • Chan J; Kim PY; Kranz E; Nagaoka Y; Lee Y; Wen J; Elsaesser HJ; Qin M; Brooks DG; Ringpis GE
  • Start Page

  • S59
  • End Page

  • S69
  • Volume

  • 33
  • Issue

  • S1