Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are a relatively common vascular problem that can be treated with either open, surgical repair or endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). Both approaches to AAA repair require dedicated preoperative imaging to minimize adverse outcomes. After EVAR, cross-sectional imaging has an integral role in confirming the successful treatment of the AAA and early detection of complications related to EVAR. CT angiography is the primary imaging modality for both preoperative planning and follow-up after repair. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios. In those instances where evidence is lacking or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence to recommend imaging or treatment.