© 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. Pelvic floor disorders are a significant medical issue, reportedly affecting nearly one in four women in the United States. Nonetheless, until the last decade, there has been relatively limited imaging research into this highly prevalent disorder. The three major imaging modalities utilized to assess pelvic floor function are ultrasound, MRI and fluoroscopy. Pelvic floor ultrasound is a rapidly emerging technique which takes advantage of the widespread availability of ultrasound, the non-invasive and relatively inexpensive approach and the incorporation of real-time imaging and software advances which permit 3-D volume imaging. Pelvic floor ultrasound provides the opportunity to optimize patient counseling and enhance pre-operative planning by providing an anatomic and functional roadmap for the referring clinician. We recommend the consideration of pelvic floor ultrasound, as described here, as an addition to the imaging armamentarium available to physicians and surgeons serving this patient population.