Prediction of maximal VO2 from a submaximal StairMaster test in young women.

Academic Article


  • The StairMaster 4000 PT is a popular step ergometer which provides a submaximal test protocol (SM Predicted VO(2)max) for the prediction of VO(2)max ( The purpose of this study was to evaluate the SM Predicted VO(2)max protocol by comparing it to results from a VO(2)max treadmill test in 20 young healthy women aged 20-25 years. Subjects were 10 step-trained (ST) women who had performed aerobic activities and exercised on a step ergometer for 20-30 minutes at least 3 times per week for the past 3 months, and 10 non-step-trained (NST) women who had performed aerobic activities no more than twice a week during the past 3 months and had no previous experience on a step ergometer. The SM Predicted VO(2)max protocol used 2 steady state heart rates between approximately 115-150 b.min(-1) to estimate VO(2)max. The Bruce maximal treadmill protocol (Actual VO(2)max) was used to measure VO(2)max by open circuit spirometry. Each subject performed both tests within a 7-day period. The means and standard deviations for the Actual VO(2)max tests were 39.8 +/- 6.1 for the ST group, 37.6 +/- 6.3 for the NST group, and 38.7 +/- 6.2 for the Total group (N = 20); and for the SM Predicted VO(2)max tests, means and standard deviations were 40.78 +/- 14.0, 30.9 +/- 4.8 and 35.9 +/- 11.4 There was no significant difference (p > 0.05) between the means of the Actual VO(2)max and SM Predicted VO(2)max test for the Total group (N = 20) or the ST group (n = 10), but a significant difference (p < 0.05) was shown for the NST group. The coefficient of determination (R(2)) and standard error of estimate (SEE) for the SM Predicted VO(2)max and Actual VO(2)max tests were R(2) = 0.18, SEE = 5.72 for the Total group; R(2) = 0.00, SEE = 6.68 for the NST group; and R(2) = 0.33, SEE = 5.32 for ST group. In conclusion, the SM Predicted VO(2)max test has acceptable accuracy for the ST group, but significantly underpredicted the NST group by almost 7 ml; and, as demonstrated by the high SEEs, it has a low level of precision for both ST and NST subjects.
  • Authors


  • Adult, Exercise Test, Female, Humans, Predictive Value of Tests, Pulmonary Ventilation
  • Author List

  • Roy JLP; Smith JF; Bishop PA; Hallinan C; Wang M; Hunter GR
  • Start Page

  • 92
  • End Page

  • 96
  • Volume

  • 18
  • Issue

  • 1