Non-equilibrium hybrid organic plasma processing for superhydrophobic PTFE surface towards potential bio-interface applications

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Superhydrophobic surfaces have gained increased attention due to the high water-repellency and self-cleaning capabilities of these surfaces. In the present study, we explored a novel hybrid method of fabricating superhydrophobic poly(tetrafluoroethylene) (PTFE) surfaces by combining the physical etching capability of oxygen plasma with the plasma-induced polymerization of a organic monomer methyl methacrylate (MMA). This novel hybrid combination of oxygen-MMA plasma has resulted in the generation of superhydrophobic PTFE surfaces with contact angle of 154°. We hypothesized that the generation of superhydrophobicity may be attributed to the generation of fluorinated poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) moieties formed by the combined effects of physical etching causing de-fluorination of PTFE and the subsequent plasma polymerization of MMA. The plasma treated PTFE surfaces were then systematically characterized via XPS, FTIR, XRD, DSC and SEM analyses. The results have clearly shown a synergistic effect of the oxygen/MMA combination in comparison with either the oxygen plasma alone or MMA vapors alone. Furthermore, the reported new hybrid combination of Oxygen-MMA plasma has been demonstrated to achieve superhydrophobicity at lower power and short time scales than previously reported methods in the literature. Hence the reported novel hybrid strategy of fabricating superhydrophobic PTFE surfaces could have futuristic potential towards biointerface applications.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Vijayan VM; Tucker BS; Baker PA; Vohra YK; Thomas V
  • Volume

  • 183