As healthcare delivery systems increasingly adopt models designed to reward cost-efficient and high-quality care, the demand for expertise in healthcare quality continues to grow. There has been wide variation and limited conformity in the definition of the quality competencies that are essential for healthcare professionals. To address the need for a standard, widely accepted, comprehensive definition of the competencies required for healthcare quality, the National Association for Healthcare Quality NAHQ made a strategic commitment to develop a comprehensive healthcare quality competency framework applicable to all practice settings across the care continuum. In this article, the authors describe the development of NAHQ's Healthcare Quality Competency Framework depicting eight competency dimensions required for success in current and future healthcare quality positions. In addition, they discuss a self-assessment survey tool to identify individual and organizational gaps in the workforce competencies of Healthcare Quality Professionals.