Objective The objective was to test hypotheses that patient characteristics are associated with receipt of specific types of radiographic procedures. Study design The Florida Dental Care Study was a prospective cohort study of dentate adults. Results From 19% to 59% of participants received a full-mouth series, panoramic, bitewing, or periapical radiograph(s), depending on procedure type. Receipt varied with reason(s) for dental visit(s), baseline clinical condition, race, approach to care (problem-oriented or regular dental attender), and socioeconomic status. Conclusion These findings underscore the distinction between what dentists hypothetically would prescribe, compared to what is actually received, receipt that results from the interaction between dentist recommendations and what patients will accept and pay for. Blacks and lower-income persons received dental radiograph types that were consistent with less comprehensive dental treatment, even with entry into the dental care system, reason(s) for incident dental visit(s), baseline clinical status, and regular versus problem-oriented attendance taken into account.