Patient Perspectives on Weight Management for Living Kidney Donation

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2019 Elsevier Inc. Background: Living kidney donors (LKDs) with obesity have increased perioperative risks and risk of end-stage renal disease after donation. Consequently, obesity serves as a barrier to donation, as many transplant centers encourage or require weight loss before donation for obese LKD candidates. Therefore, this study sought to assess patients’ perspectives on weight management strategies before donation among obese LKD candidates. We hypothesized that willingness to participate in a weight loss program may be associated with donor-recipient relationship. Materials and methods: Obese (BMI ≥30 kg/m2) LKD candidates evaluated at a single institution from September 2017 to August 2018 were recruited. A survey was administered to assess LKD candidates’ baseline exercise and dietary habits and their interest in weight management strategies for the purpose of donation approval. Participants were grouped by relationship to the recipient (close relatives: first-degree relatives or spouses [n = 29], compared with all other relationships [n = 21]). Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the data. Results: 50 of 51 obese LKD candidates who were approached completed the survey. 90% of participants expressed willingness to lose weight if necessary to become eligible for donor nephrectomy. Compared with all other LKD candidates, close relatives were more likely to be interested in combined diet and exercise programs at our institution (P = 0.01). Conclusions: Among obese LKD candidates, there was an interest in weight loss for the purposes of living kidney donation approval, particularly among close relatives of potential recipients. Future programs designed to promote weight management efforts for obese LKD candidates should be considered.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Mustian MN; Hanaway M; Kumar V; Reed RD; Shelton BA; Grant R; Carter A; Locke JE
  • Start Page

  • 50
  • End Page

  • 56
  • Volume

  • 244