The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of patients with visual concerns that interfere with their activities of daily living (ADL) performance in physical rehabilitation units through occupational therapy assessment. Over the two-month study period, 215 adult inpatients from a physical rehabilitation hospital were evaluated using the Brief Vision Screen (BVS) through ADL. The BVS assessed four areas of visual concerns, namely left visual field, focusing, and near- and low-contrast acuity, while patients engaged in ADL. The occupational therapists identified 33% of patients who had at least one area of visual concern, with the largest proportion diagnosed with stroke (55%), followed by pulmonary disease (40%) and joint replacement (35%). When comparing the four areas of visual concerns in the BVS between the two major diagnostic groups (acquired brain injury, ABI and non-acquired brain injury, non-ABI), a significantly higher proportion of patients with ABI were identified as having left hemianopsia concerns compared to patients with non-ABI. No significant difference was observed in other areas of visual concern between the two groups. Findings indicated that visual concerns that interfere with ADL performance among older patients in rehabilitation units are common. The high proportion of patients with pulmonary disease identified as having visual concerns warranted further confirmation and investigation. Preliminary evidence to support the psychometric properties of the BVS for identifying visual concerns in patients on rehabilitation units was established.