Preclinical Evaluation of a Novel RXR Agonist for the Treatment of Neuroblastoma.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Neuroblastoma remains a common cause of pediatric cancer deaths, especially for children who present with advanced stage or recurrent disease. Currently, retinoic acid therapy is used as maintenance treatment to induce differentiation and reduce tumor recurrence following induction therapy for neuroblastoma, but unavoidable side effects are seen. A novel retinoid, UAB30, has been shown to generate negligible toxicities. In the current study, we hypothesized that UAB30 would have a significant impact on multiple neuroblastoma cell lines in vitro and in vivo. Cellular survival, cell-cycle analysis, migration, and invasion were studied using AlamarBlue assays, FACS, and Transwell assays, respectively, in multiple cell lines following treatment with UAB30. In addition, an in vivo murine model of human neuroblastoma was utilized to study the effects of UAB30 upon tumor xenograft growth and animal survival. We successfully demonstrated decreased cellular survival, invasion, and migration, cell-cycle arrest, and increased apoptosis after treatment with UAB30. Furthermore, inhibition of tumor growth and increased survival was observed in a murine neuroblastoma xenograft model. The results of these in vitro and in vivo studies suggest a potential therapeutic role for the low toxicity synthetic retinoid X receptor selective agonist, UAB30, in neuroblastoma treatment.
  • Published In

    Keywords

  • Animals, Apoptosis, Caspase 3, Cell Cycle Checkpoints, Cell Differentiation, Cell Line, Tumor, Cell Movement, Cell Survival, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Drug Evaluation, Preclinical, Fatty Acids, Unsaturated, Female, Flow Cytometry, Humans, Immunoblotting, Mice, Nude, Naphthalenes, Neuroblastoma, Retinoid X Receptors, Survival Analysis, Tumor Burden, Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Waters AM; Stewart JE; Atigadda VR; Mroczek-Musulman E; Muccio DD; Grubbs CJ; Beierle EA
  • Start Page

  • 1559
  • End Page

  • 1569
  • Volume

  • 14
  • Issue

  • 7