Design and Implementation of a Lifestyle Medicine Curriculum in Undergraduate Medical Education

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2019 The Author(s). While scientific evidence demonstrates conclusive associations between unhealthy lifestyle behaviors and increased morbidity and mortality related to noncommunicable chronic diseases (NCDs), most physicians are not formally taught the root causes of NCDs nor how to counsel patients regarding their lifestyle behaviors for disease prevention and treatment. Since its inception in 2012, the University of South Carolina School of Medicine Greenville has designed, developed, and implemented an innovative, formalized lifestyle medicine curriculum to provide required undergraduate medical student training with a graduating program-level goal to “Deliver total health care using lifestyle medicine to prevent and treat morbidity and mortality related to chronic diseases.” The process was guided by the Association of American Medical Colleges’ Core Entrustable Professional Activities (required for graduates entering residency) and aimed to satisfy the Quadruple Aim components of better outcomes, lower cost, improved patient experience, and improved physician experience. Four essential instructional design phases, Analysis, Design, Development, and Evaluation, were used as systematic steps to create and deploy the curriculum. This article describes the evidence-based approach used and offers guidance to other undergraduate medical schools that may wish to implement lifestyle medicine training to improve physicians’ medical knowledge and clinical skills for optimum health care.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Trilk JL; Elkhider IA; Asif I; Buchanan A; Emerson J; Kennedy AB; Masocol R; Motley E; Tucker M
  • Start Page

  • 574
  • End Page

  • 585
  • Volume

  • 13
  • Issue

  • 6