Mirror-reading and writing in association with right-left spatial disorientation

Academic Article


  • A left-handed patient suddenly developed a right hemiparesis, mirror-reading, and mirror-writing. Although he could discriminate between right and left on himself, he demonstrated right/left spatial disorientation. We propose that his right/left spatial disorientation was induced by a scanning defect. It has been demonstrated that mirror-image engrams are normally available. We believe that a reversal of the learned left-to-right scanning process with the availability of mirror engrams induced mirror-reading. Similarly, reversal of the normal left-to-right writing pattern, with the availability of mirror engrams, induced mirror-writing.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 12234284
  • Author List

  • Heilman KM; Howell G; Valenstein E; Rothi L
  • Start Page

  • 774
  • End Page

  • 780
  • Volume

  • 43
  • Issue

  • 9