Treatment of a case of phonological alexia with agraphia using the Auditory Discrimination in Depth (ADD) program

Academic Article


  • Phonological alexia and agraphia are acquired disorders characterized by an impaired ability to convert graphemes to phonemes (alexia) or phonemes to graphemes (agraphia). These disorders result in phonological errors typified by adding, omitting, shifting, or repeating phonemes in words during reading or graphemes when spelling. In developmental dyslexia, similar phonological errors are believed to result from deficient phonological awareness, an oral language skill that manifests itself in the ability to notice, think about, or manipulate the individual sounds in words. The Auditory Discrimination in Depth (ADD) program has been reported to train phonological awareness in developmental dyslexia and dysgraphia. We used a multiple-probe design to evaluate the ADD program's effectiveness with a patient with a mild phonological alexia and mixed agraphia following a left hemisphere infarction. Large gains in phonological awareness, reading and spelling nonwords, and reading and spelling real words were demonstrated. A follow-up reassessment, 2 months posttreatment, found the patient had maintained treatment gains in phonological awareness and reading, and attained additional improvement in real word reading.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Conway TW; Heilman P; Rothi LJG; Alexander AW; Adair J; Crosson BA; Heilman KM
  • Start Page

  • 608
  • End Page

  • 620
  • Volume

  • 4
  • Issue

  • 6