Neglect is a disorder in which the response to stimulation is diminished or absent on the side of the body contralateral to the lesion in the absence of an elemental sensory or motor defect. Most cases of neglect in humans are induced by cortical damage, but there have been no investigations of the pharmacologic basis of neglect induced by cortical damage. We examined the role of the dopamine system in polymodal neglect caused by a unilateral lesion of the medial percentral prefrontal cortex of the rat. A dose-response examination of the effect of apomorphine on neglect revealed that apomorphine, at 0.5 mg/kg, the highest dose examined, significantly improved the orientation scores of subjects in all modalities tested and significantly decreased the total number of allesthetic responses. The therapeutic effect of apomorphine was mediated by dopamine receptors as the therapeutic effect of apomorphine was blocked by prior administration of spiroperidol. These results demonstrate the important role of disruption of dopamine mechanisms in neglect induced by a lesion of medial precentral cortex. © 1986.