In two patients with Wernicke’s aphasia, both oral reading and reading comprehension were relatively preserved despite total destruction of Wernicke’s area. The pattern of oral reading suggested an intact ability to derive phonology directly from print; the pattern of reading comprehension implied at least partial ability to interpret syntactic constructions. These features are not readily compatible with current notions of right hemisphere function and may suggest that undamaged left hemisphere structures mediated residual reading in these patients. © 1983, Neurology. All rights reserved.