© 2018 The Author(s). Nursing knowledge surrounding anesthesia providers’ maintaining or obtaining employment after treatment of substance use disorder (SUD) is notably absent in the literature. An alternative method, dimensional analysis, allows for exploration of this concept from many perspectives, with social context as the basis from which to determine what barriers exist and how to prevail over them. Anesthesia practice is a socially constructed profession. The concept, barriers to reentry into nurse anesthesia practice, was explored and defined for purposes of identifying their impact on the recovering certified registered nurse anesthetist (CRNA). Defining the barriers places the CRNA one step closer to successful reentry into anesthesia practice.