Full genome scans were performed for quantitative lipid measurements in 622 African American and 649 white sibling pairs not taking lipid-lowering medications who were ascertained through the Hypertension Genetic Epidemiology Network (HyperGEN) of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Family Blood Pressure Program. Genotypes for 391 markers spaced roughly equally throughout the genome were typed by the NHLBI Mammalian Genotyping Service. Each of the phenotypes was adjusted for covariates within sex and race and then subjected to variance components linkage analysis, which was performed separately within race by using race-specific marker allele frequencies from additional random samples. The highest lod score detected was 2.77 for logarithmically transformed triglyceride (TG) on chromosome 20 (at 28.6 cM) in the African American sibling pairs. The highest score detected in the white sibling pairs was 2.74 for high density lipoprotein cholesterol on chromosome 5 (at 48.2 cM). Although no scores >3.0 were obtained, positive scores were found in several regions that have been reported in other genome scans in the literature. For example, a score of 1.91 for TG was found on chromosome 15 (at 28.8 cM) in white sibling pairs. This score overlaps the positive findings for TG in 2 other genome scans.