The isolated C-terminal nuclear localization sequence of the breast cancer metastasis suppressor 1 is disordered

Academic Article


  • BRMS1 is a 246-residue-long protein belonging to the family of metastasis suppressors. It is a predominantly nuclear protein, although it can also function in the cytoplasm. At its C terminus, it has a region that is predicted to be a nuclear localization sequence (NLS); this region, NLS2, is necessary for metastasis suppression. We have studied in vitro and in silico the conformational preferences in aqueous solution of a peptide (NLS2-pep) that comprises the NLS2 of BRMS1, to test whether it has a preferred conformation that could be responsible for its function. Our spectroscopic (far-UV circular dichroism, DOSY-NMR and 2D-NMR) and computational (all-atom molecular dynamics) results indicate that NLS2-pep was disordered in aqueous solution. Furthermore, it did not acquire a structure even when experiments were performed in a more hydrophobic environment, such as the one provided by 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (TFE). The hydrodynamic radius of the peptide in water was identical to that of a random-coil sequence, in agreement with both our molecular simulations and other theoretical predictions. Thus, we suggest that NLS2 is a disordered region, with non pre-formed structure, that participates in metastasis suppression.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 8441215
  • Author List

  • Pantoja-Uceda D; Neira JL; Contreras LM; Manton CA; Welch DR; Rizzuti B
  • Start Page

  • 95
  • End Page

  • 101
  • Volume

  • 664