“Code-Stroke” CT Perfusion; Challenges and Pitfalls

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2019 The Association of University Radiologists Rationale and Objectives: Regarding the most recent ischemic stroke treatment guideline, perfusion imaging has been recommended up to 24 hours after initial symptoms of brain infarction. Patients with a significant amount of salvageable peri-infarct ischemia and no contraindications benefit from delayed thrombolysis and intra-arterial thrombectomy. This approach causes increasingly more CT perfusion to be done in the subacute phase of ischemic stroke. CT perfusion findings in this “subacute phase” are slightly different from “hyper-acute” ischemic stroke. The interpreting radiologist must be confident in reporting the CT perfusion study in an urgent setting since these studies are under the umbrella of “code-stroke” and should be read in minutes. In addition, results of the CT perfusion have a critical effect on the patient's outcome and misinterpretation can be fatal in that underestimation of the salvageable ischemia excludes the patient from potential effective treatment. Underestimation of infarct volume may cause unnecessary thrombolysis/thrombectomy and potentially fatal intracranial hemorrhage. Materials and Methods: In this review, we are trying to explain the basic concept of “code-stroke” CT perfusion, typical findings, and pitfalls in a practical way.
  • Published In

  • Academic Radiology  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Sotoudeh H; Bag AK; Brooks MD
  • Start Page

  • 1565
  • End Page

  • 1579
  • Volume

  • 26
  • Issue

  • 11