Chronic visceral pain is a frequent and disabling condition. Despite high prevalence and impact, chronic visceral pain is not represented in ICD-10 in a systematic manner. Chronic secondary visceral pain is chronic pain secondary to an underlying condition originating from internal organs of the head or neck region or of the thoracic, abdominal, or pelvic regions. It can be caused by persistent inflammation, by vascular mechanisms or by mechanical factors. The pain intensity is not necessarily fully correlated with the disease process, and the chronic visceral pain may persist beyond successful treatment of the underlying cause. This article describes how a new classification of chronic secondary visceral pain is intended to facilitate the diagnostic process and to enable the collection of accurate epidemiological data. Furthermore, it is hoped that the new classification will improve the tailoring of patient-centered pain treatment of chronic secondary visceral pain and stimulate research. Chronic secondary visceral pain should be distinguished from chronic primary visceral pain states that are considered diseases in their own right.