A randomized trial to evaluate the effect of toric versus spherical contact lenses on vision and eyestrain

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2018 Contact Lens Association of Ophthalmologists, Inc. Objectives:To compare the effect of toric versus spherical soft contact lenses on objective measures of visual performance using visual acuity and electromyography of the orbicularis oculi muscle.Methods:Current soft contact lens wearers with -0.75 to -1.75 D astigmatism in each eye were binocularly fitted with toric (1-Day ACUVUE MOIST for astigmatism) and spherical (1-Day ACUVUE MOIST) contact lenses in random order. After each fitting and at 1-week follow-up, high- and low-contrast visual acuities were measured. Electromyography was used to objectively evaluate eyestrain. Linear mixed models were used to assess differences between toric and spherical contact lenses.Results:The mean age (±SD) of the 60 participants was 27.5±5.0 years, spherical refractive error was -3.68±2.01 D, and cylinder was -1.28±0.36 D. High- and low-contrast visual acuities with toric lenses were better than with spherical lenses at both fitting (toric high-contrast: -0.065±0.078 and low-contrast: 0.133±0.103 vs. spherical high-contrast: 0.001±0.104 and low-contrast: 0.224±0.107) and follow-up (toric high-contrast: -0.083±0.087 and low-contrast: 0.108±0.107 vs. spherical high-contrast: -0.015±0.095 and low-contrast: 0.211±0.104) (all P<0.0001). Electromyography-measured eyestrain was less with toric versus spherical contact lenses at fitting (least-square ratio of toric over spherical=0.72; P=0.0019) but not at follow-up (ratio=0.86; P=0.11).Conclusion:These results suggest that toric contact lenses provided improved objective measures of vision in a low-to-moderate astigmatic population.
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    Author List

  • Berntsen DA; Cox SM; Bickle KM; Mathew JH; Powell DR; Seidman SH; Little BK; Lorenz KO; Nichols JJ
  • Start Page

  • 28
  • End Page

  • 33
  • Volume

  • 45
  • Issue

  • 1