Effect of CYP4F2, VKORC1, and CYP2C9 in Influencing Coumarin Dose: A Single-Patient Data Meta-Analysis in More Than 15,000 Individuals

Academic Article


  • The cytochrome P450 (CYP)4F2 gene is known to influence mean coumarin dose. The aim of the present study was to undertake a meta-analysis at the individual patients level to capture the possible effect of ethnicity, gene—gene interaction, or other drugs on the association and to verify if inclusion of CYP4F2*3 variant into dosing algorithms improves the prediction of mean coumarin dose. We asked the authors of our previous meta-analysis (30 articles) and of 38 new articles retrieved by a systematic review to send us individual patients’ data. The final collection consists of 15,754 patients split into a derivation and validation cohort. The CYP4F2*3 polymorphism was consistently associated with an increase in mean coumarin dose (+9% (95% confidence interval (CI) 7–10%), with a higher effect in women, in patients taking acenocoumarol, and in white patients. The inclusion of the CYP4F2*3 in dosing algorithms slightly improved the prediction of stable coumarin dose. New pharmacogenetic equations potentially useful for clinical practice were derived.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Danese E; Raimondi S; Montagnana M; Tagetti A; Langaee T; Borgiani P; Ciccacci C; Carcas AJ; Borobia AM; Tong HY
  • Start Page

  • 1477
  • End Page

  • 1491
  • Volume

  • 105
  • Issue

  • 6