Drive-by bridge frequency identification under operational roadway speeds employing frequency independent underdamped pinning stochastic resonance (FI-UPSR)

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Recently, drive-by bridge inspection has attracted increasing attention in the bridge monitoring field. A number of studies have given confidence in the feasibility of the approach to detect, quantify, and localize damages. However, the speed of the inspection truck represents a major obstacle to the success of this method. High speeds are essential to induce a significant amount of kinetic energy to stimulate the bridge modes of vibration. On the other hand, low speeds are necessary to collect more data and to attenuate the vibration of the vehicle due to the roughness of the road and, hence, magnify the bridge influence on the vehicle responses. This article introduces Frequency Independent Underdamped Pinning Stochastic Resonance (FI-UPSR) as a new technique, which possesses the ability to extract bridge dynamic properties from the responses of a vehicle that passes over the bridge at high speed. Stochastic Resonance (SR) is a phenomenon where feeble information such as weak signals can be amplified through the assistance of background noise. In this study, bridge vibrations that are present in the vehicle responses when it passes over the bridge are the feeble information while the noise counts for the effect of the road roughness on the vehicle vibration. UPSR is one of the SR models that has been chosen in this study for its suitability to extract the bridge vibration. The main contributions of this article are: (1) introducing a Frequency Independent-Stochastic Resonance model known as the FI-UPSR and (2) implementing this model to extract the bridge vibration from the responses of a fast passing vehicle.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 20339552
  • Author List

  • Elhattab A; Uddin N; Obrien E
  • Volume

  • 18
  • Issue

  • 12