Imaging as a Personalized Biomarker for Prostate Cancer Risk Stratification.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Biomarkers provide objective data to guide clinicians in disease management. Prostate-specific antigen serves as a biomarker for screening of prostate cancer but has come under scrutiny for detection of clinically indolent disease. Multiple imaging techniques demonstrate promising results for diagnosing, staging, and determining definitive management of prostate cancer. One such modality, multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI), detects more clinically significant disease while missing lower volume and clinically insignificant disease. It also provides valuable information regarding tumor characteristics such as location and extraprostatic extension to guide surgical planning. Information from mpMRI may also help patients avoid unnecessary biopsies in the future. It can also be incorporated into targeted biopsies as well as following patients on active surveillance. Other novel techniques have also been developed to detect metastatic disease with advantages over traditional computer tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, which primarily rely on defined size criteria. These new techniques take advantage of underlying biological changes in prostate cancer tissue to identify metastatic disease. The purpose of this review is to present literature on imaging as a personalized biomarker for prostate cancer risk stratification.
  • Keywords

  • Gleason score, active surveillance, cancer staging, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), radiation therapy, radical prostatectomy
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 23569564
  • Author List

  • Gennaro KH; Porter KK; Gordetsky JB; Galgano SJ; Rais-Bahrami S
  • Volume

  • 8
  • Issue

  • 4