Stereotactic Placement of Intratumoral Catheters for Continuous Infusion Delivery of Herpes Simplex Virus -1 G207 in Pediatric Malignant Supratentorial Brain Tumors

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2018 Elsevier Inc. Objective: The engineered herpes simplex virus-1 G207, is a promising therapeutic option for central nervous system tumors. The first-ever pediatric phase 1 trial of continuous-infusion delivery of G207 via intratumoral catheters for recurrent or progressive malignant brain tumors is ongoing. In this article, we describe surgical techniques for the accurate placement of catheters in multiple supratentorial locations and perioperative complications associated with such procedures. Methods: A prospective study of G207 in children with recurrent malignant supratentorial tumors is ongoing. Preoperative stereotactic protocol magnetic resonance imaging was performed, and catheter trajectories planned using StealthStation planning software. Children underwent placement of 3–4 silastic catheters using a small incision burr hole and the Vertek system. Patients had a preinfusion computed tomography scan to confirm correct placement of catheters. Results: Six children underwent implantation of 3–4 catheters. Locations of catheter placement included frontal, temporal, parietal, and occipital lobes, and the insula and thalamus. There were no clinically significant perioperative complications. Postoperative computed tomography scans coupled with preoperative MRI scans demonstrated accurate placement of 21 of 22 catheters, with 1 misplaced catheter pulled back to an optimal location at the bedside. One patient had hemorrhage along the catheter tract that was clinically asymptomatic. Another patient had cerebrospinal fluid leak from a biopsy incision 9 days after surgery that was oversewn without complication. Conclusions: The placement of multiple intratumoral catheters in pediatric patients with supratentorial tumors via frameless stereotactic techniques is feasible and safe. Intratumoral catheters provide a potentially effective route for the delivery of G207 and may be employed in other trials utilizing oncolytic virotherapy for brain tumors.
  • Published In

  • World Neurosurgery  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Bernstock JD; Wright Z; Bag AK; Gessler F; Gillespie GY; Markert JM; Friedman GK; Johnston JM
  • Start Page

  • e1592
  • End Page

  • e1598
  • Volume

  • 122