Third prize: Synchronized real-time ultrasonography and three-dimensional computed tomography scan navigation during percutaneous renal cryoablation in a porcine model

Academic Article


  • Aim: To investigate the accuracy of percutaneous cryoablation for kidney tumors performed under combined real-time ultrasonography (US) and three-dimensional (3D) CT scan navigation in a porcine model. Materials and Methods: After percutaneously injecting 2 to 6 tumor mimic lesions in 11 pigs, a CT scan was performed and digital data were saved into a navigation system (Real-Time Virtual Sonography┬« [RVS]) that allows 3D reconstruction and synchronization with real-time US images. The cryoprobe was guided percutaneously into the kidney tumor mimic, and ice ball formation was monitored continuously during cryoablation using the RVS system. Kidneys were harvested and sent for gross pathologic and histopathologic analysis at days 0, 15, and 30 postoperatively. Results: Thirty-five renal tumor mimics were created and treated by percutaneous cryotherapy; tumor mimic locations were as follows: 16 tumors (46%) in the lower pole, 14 (40%) in the central region, and 5 (14%) in the upper pole. Eleven tumor mimics (31%) were intraparenchymal, and 24 (69%) subcapsular. The synchronization between the CT scan 3D reconstructed images and real-time US was successful in all cases. The mean tumor size was 2cm (range, 1.2-4cm). Mean cryonecrosis size was 3.3, 3.7, and 2.8cm at days 0, 15, and 30, respectively. Three (8.5%) positive margins were found on the macroscopic and microscopic analysis. Conclusions: RVS imaging system synchronizing real-time US with preoperative CT scan is a feasible and safe technique for percutaneous probe ablation of kidney tumors. ┬ę 2010, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 15114533
  • Author List

  • Haber GP; Colombo JR; Remer E; O'Malley C; Ukimura O; Magi-Galluzzi C; Spaliviero M; Kaouk J
  • Start Page

  • 333
  • End Page

  • 337
  • Volume

  • 24
  • Issue

  • 3