Decipher Genomic Classifier Measured on Prostate Biopsy Predicts Metastasis Risk

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Objectives To evaluate the ability of the Decipher genomic classifier in predicting metastasis from analysis of prostate needle biopsy diagnostic tumor tissue specimens. Materials and Methods Fifty-seven patients with available biopsy specimens were identified from a cohort of 169 men treated with radical prostatectomy in a previously reported Decipher validation study at Cleveland Clinic. A Cox multivariable proportional hazards model and survival C-index were used to evaluate the performance of Decipher. Results With a median follow up of 8 years, 8 patients metastasized and 3 died of prostate cancer. The Decipher plus National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) model had an improved C-index of 0.88 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.77-0.96) compared to NCCN alone (C-index 0.75, 95% CI 0.64-0.87). On multivariable analysis, Decipher was the only significant predictor of metastasis when adjusting for age, preoperative prostate-specific antigen and biopsy Gleason score (Decipher hazard ratio per 10% increase 1.72, 95% CI 1.07-2.81, Pā€‰=ā€‰.02). Conclusion Biopsy Decipher predicted the risk of metastasis at 10 years post radical prostatectomy. While further validation is required on larger cohorts, preoperative knowledge of Decipher risk derived from biopsy could indicate the need for multimodality therapy and help set patient expectations of therapeutic burden.
  • Published In

  • Urology  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 23190577
  • Author List

  • Klein EA; Haddad Z; Yousefi K; Lam LLC; Wang Q; Choeurng V; Palmer-Aronsten B; Buerki C; Davicioni E; Li J
  • Start Page

  • 148
  • End Page

  • 152
  • Volume

  • 90