Overexpression of low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) is associated with worsened prognosis and decreased cancer immunity in clear-cell renal cell carcinoma

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2018 Elsevier Inc. Aim: Clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is characterized with underlying genetic disorders and the role of low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) in ccRCC is unknown. Method: An in silico exploratory analysis using multiple public genetic datasets was used to establish association between LRP1 expression and clinicopathological parameters. Associations of interest were validated using 155 ccRCC samples using immunohistochemistry. Results: LRP1 was overexpressed in tumor compared with normal kidney tissue. Increased LRP1 expression in ccRCC was associated with advanced stage, grade and worsened overall survival and progression-free survival. Functional annotation indicated an immune-modulatory role of LRP1 in ccRCC. LRP1 expression was significantly correlated with expressions of PBRM1, SETD2, and KDM5C. Positive correlations between LRP1 and pro-angiogenic factors ERAP1, SCG2, STAB1, and RUNX1 were observed. LRP1 expression was positively correlated with PD-L2 level. Negative correlations between LRP1 and anti-angiogenic factors EMCN and IL18 were observed. LRP1 expression was not associated with microvessel density (MVD) yet was negatively correlated with tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL). Conclusion: LRP1 is associated with worsened prognosis in ccRCC and is related to cancer immune modulation. LRP1-targeted therapy can be of therapeutic potential.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Feng C; Ding G; Ding Q; Wen H
  • Start Page

  • 1537
  • End Page

  • 1543
  • Volume

  • 503
  • Issue

  • 3