[Free radical scavenging agents in myocardial protection during cardiac surgery].

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Oxygen free radicals are very unstable metabolites which are produced in abundant quantity during the reoxygenation of an ischemic organ. Oxidation, by these radicals, of the structural lipids of the membranes, is at the origin of cellular lesions all the more extensive as the ischemia, by itself, decreases the ischemic tissue content in "trapping" molecules which usually inactivate those free radicals. Thus, was introduced the concept of an exogenous supply of trappers intended to bring under control the production of radicals and consequently preserve the membrane integrity in the revascularized tissue. This review summarizes, in light of our experience, the results obtained with free radicals trappers in the scope of myocardial preservation, especially in cardiac surgery, and analyzes some of the problems that remain to be resolved before considering the clinical use of these trappers.
  • Keywords

  • Humans, Lipid Peroxides, Malonates, Malondialdehyde, Myocardial Infarction, Myocardial Revascularization, Superoxide Dismutase
  • Author List

  • Menasche P; Grousset C; Gauduel Y; Mouas C; Piwnica A
  • Start Page

  • 447
  • End Page

  • 452
  • Volume

  • 35
  • Issue

  • 7 Pt 2