Investigation of PP2A and Its Endogenous Inhibitors in Neuroblastoma Cell Survival and Tumor Growth.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • High-risk neuroblastoma continues to carry a poor prognosis. Nearly 50% of these tumors relapse following extensive treatment regimens. Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), a tumor suppressor, has been shown to be downregulated in many human cancers via multiple mechanisms including upregulation of its endogenous inhibitors, I2PP2A or CIP2A. We hypothesized that inhibition of the endogenous PP2A inhibitors or activation of PP2A would decrease tumorigenicity in human neuroblastoma cells. Four human neuroblastoma cell lines were utilized. Expression of PP2A and its endogenous inhibitors I2PP2A and CIP2A was confirmed by immunoblotting. PP2A activation was measured via phosphatase activation assay. Multiple parallel methods including siRNA inhibition of the endogenous PP2A inhibitors and pharmacologic activation of PP2A were utilized. Cell viability, proliferation, migration, and invasion assays were performed. In vivo studies were utilized to determine the effects of PP2A activation on neuroblastoma tumor growth. Inhibition of the endogenous inhibitors of PP2A or pharmacologic activation of PP2A with the PP2A activator FTY720 led to decreased neuroblastoma cell viability, proliferation, migration, and invasion. Treatment of mice bearing SK-N-AS or SK-N-BE(2) neuroblastoma tumors with FTY720 resulted in a significant decrease in tumor growth compared to vehicle-treated animals. In conclusion, activation of PP2A may provide a novel therapeutic target for neuroblastoma.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Williams AP; Garner EF; Waters AM; Stafman LL; Aye JM; Markert H; Stewart JE; Beierle EA
  • Start Page

  • 84
  • End Page

  • 95
  • Volume

  • 12
  • Issue

  • 1