Mycobacterium cell wall consists of three major polysaccharide portions and arabinofuranose (Araf) is present in two of the major portions, arabinogalactan (AG) and lipoarabinomannan (LAM). A peculiar Araf hexasaccharide possessing two β-linked Araf units are present in both AG and LAM polysaccharides. Herein, we report an efficient and concise synthesis of this Araf hexasaccharide using single starting 3,5-TIPDS protected Araf thioglycoside precursor. Double β-glycosylation was achieved using strained cyclic 2-p-methoxybenzyl-3,5- TIPDS Araf thioglycoside donor. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.