Impact of age on mid- to long-term outcomes of transvaginal native tissue repair for apical vaginal prolapse

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Aims: To compare surgical success rates in older versus younger women a minimum of 3 years post transvaginal native tissue repair for apical prolapse. Post-operative symptom severity and quality of life improvement, surgical complications and retreatment were also examined. Methods: Women who underwent transvaginal native tissue repair for apical prolapse between 2011 and 2013 were eligible. Subjects completed the pelvic floor distress inventory (PFDI-20), pelvic floor impact questionnaire (PFIQ-7), and patient global impression of improvement (PGI-I), and were categorized as “younger” (age <70) or “older” (age ≥70). The primary outcome of surgical success was defined as the absence of bulge symptoms and no re-treatment for prolapse. Results: Of 641 eligible patients, response rate was 51.0%. 62.7% of subjects had hysterectomy prior to index surgery. Surgical success was noted in 72.9% of younger and 82.2% of older subjects (Adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.72, 95% CI [0.93, 3.17]). Older women had greater improvement from baseline in PFDI-20 score (−87.5 [IQR 74.0] vs −54.2 [IQR 80.2], P = 0.01). Retreatment rate and surgical complication rates were similar between groups (both P > 0.05). Conclusions: Older and younger women had similar surgical success rates a minimum of 3 years post-operative; however, older women had a greater overall symptom severity improvement. This information may be helpful in counseling older women regarding surgical expectations and decision-making.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Kissane LM; Meyer I; Martin KD; Tan JC; Miller K; Richter HE
  • Start Page

  • 2860
  • End Page

  • 2866
  • Volume

  • 37
  • Issue

  • 8