Ankyrin repeat domain protein 2 and inhibitor of DNA binding 3 cooperatively inhibit myoblast differentiation by physical interaction.

Academic Article


  • Ankyrin repeat domain protein 2 (ANKRD2) translocates from the nucleus to the cytoplasm upon myogenic induction. Overexpression of ANKRD2 inhibits C2C12 myoblast differentiation. However, the mechanism by which ANKRD2 inhibits myoblast differentiation is unknown. We demonstrate that the primary myoblasts of mdm (muscular dystrophy with myositis) mice (pMB(mdm)) overexpress ANKRD2 and ID3 (inhibitor of DNA binding 3) proteins and are unable to differentiate into myotubes upon myogenic induction. Although suppression of either ANKRD2 or ID3 induces myoblast differentiation in mdm mice, overexpression of ANKRD2 and inhibition of ID3 or vice versa is insufficient to inhibit myoblast differentiation in WT mice. We identified that ANKRD2 and ID3 cooperatively inhibit myoblast differentiation by physical interaction. Interestingly, although MyoD activates the Ankrd2 promoter in the skeletal muscles of wild-type mice, SREBP-1 (sterol regulatory element binding protein-1) activates the same promoter in the skeletal muscles of mdm mice, suggesting the differential regulation of Ankrd2. Overall, we uncovered a novel pathway in which SREBP-1/ANKRD2/ID3 activation inhibits myoblast differentiation, and we propose that this pathway acts as a critical determinant of the skeletal muscle developmental program.
  • Authors

    Published In


  • Ankrd2, Helix-Loop-Helix Protein Id3, Mdm Mouse, Molecular Cell Biology, Muscular Dystrophy, Myogenesis, SREBP-1(Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein-1), Skeletal Muscle, mRNA, Active Transport, Cell Nucleus, Animals, Cell Differentiation, Cell Nucleus, Cells, Cultured, Inhibitor of Differentiation Proteins, Mice, Mice, Transgenic, Muscle Proteins, Muscular Dystrophies, MyoD Protein, Myoblasts, Myositis, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Mohamed JS; Lopez MA; Cox GA; Boriek AM
  • Start Page

  • 24560
  • End Page

  • 24568
  • Volume

  • 288
  • Issue

  • 34