ACE inhibitors in HF restore canine pulmonary endothelial function and ANG II vasoconstriction

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Chronic mitral regurgitation (MR) in dogs results in pulmonary congestion and increased cardiac angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity and angiotensin (ANG) II levels. ACE could contribute to altered pulmonary vasomotion in heart failure, and ACE inhibitor (ACEI) therapy may normalize pulmonary vasomotion. We evaluated pulmonary artery (PA) responses to ANG II and bradykinin (BK) in control dogs, in dogs with 4 mo of MR, in MR dogs treated with the ACEI ramipril (MR + R), and in control dogs treated with ramipril (C + R). Mean PA systolic pressure increased in MR dogs (21 ± 4 mmHg) but was normal in MR + R dogs (13 ± 1 mmHg). Constriction of PA rings to ANG II was depressed in MR dogs. ACEI treatment (MR + R) restored ANG II responsiveness, but peak ANG II response (3.6 ± 0.2 g) in MR + R dogs remained lower than in C + R dogs (4.7 ± 0.2 g). Endothelium-dependent relaxation to BK was decreased (-87 ± 4% C, -65 ± 4% MR; P < 0.05). Ramipril (MR + R) restored relaxation to BK. This demonstrates that pulmonary congestion results in impaired pulmonary vasomotion to ANG II and BK, which ACEIs could normalize, supporting the use of ACEIs in clinical management of chronic congestive heart failure.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Straeter-Knowlen IM; Dell'Italia LJ; Dai J; Hankes GH; Dillon AR; Cartee RE; Pohost GM; Ku DD
  • Volume

  • 277
  • Issue

  • 5 46-5