Integrated safety studies of the urate reabsorption inhibitor lesinurad in treatment of gout

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Rheumatology. All rights reserved. Objective. Lesinurad (LESU) is a selective urate reabsorption inhibitor approved at 200mg daily for use with a xanthine oxidase inhibitor (XOI) to treat hyperuricaemia in gout patients failing to achieve target serum urate on XOI. The aim of the study was to investigate the long-term safety of LESU + XOI therapy. Methods. Safety data were pooled from three 12-month phase III (core) trials evaluating LESU 200 and 400 mg/day combined with an XOI (LESU200+XOI and LESU400+XOI), and two 12-month extension studies using descriptive statistics. To adjust for treatment duration, treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were expressed as exposure-adjusted incidence rates (patients with events per 100 person-years). Results. In the core studies, exposure-adjusted incidence rates for total and total renal-related TEAEs were comparable for XOI alone and LESU200+XOI but higher with LESU400+XOI. Exposure-adjusted incidence rates for serum creatinine (sCr) elevations ≥1.5×baseline were 2.9, 7.3 and 18.7, respectively. Resolution (sCr ≤1.2×baseline) occurred in 75-90% of all events, with 66-75% occurring without any study medication interruption. Major adverse cardiovascular events were 3, 4 and 9 with XOI, LESU200+XOI and LESU400+XOI, respectively. Longer exposure in core+extension studies did not increase rates for any safety signals. Conclusion. At the approved dose of 200mg once-daily combined with an XOI, LESU did not increase renal, cardiovascular or other adverse events compared with XOI alone, except for sCr elevations. With extended exposure in the core+extension studies, the safety profile was consistent with that observed in the core studies, and no new safety concerns were identified.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 25154998
  • Author List

  • Terkeltaub R; Saag KG; Goldfarb DS; Baumgartner S; Schechter BM; Valiyil R; Jalal D; Pillinger M; White WB
  • Start Page

  • 61
  • End Page

  • 69
  • Volume

  • 58
  • Issue

  • 1