Automated detection of mesial temporal and temporoperisylvian seizures in the anterior thalamic nucleus

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2018 Elsevier B.V. Background and purpose: Focal seizures can arise from coordinated activity across large-scale epileptic networks and propagate to regions that are not functionally altered but are recruited by epileptiform discharges. In preclinical models of focal epilepsy, the thalamus is recruited by cortical onset seizures, but it remains to be demonstrated in clinical studies. In this pilot study, the authors investigate whether seizures with onset within and outside the mesial temporal structures are detected in the anterior thalamus (ATN). Methods: After written consent, three subjects with suspected temporal lobe epilepsy undergoing stereotactic electrode implantation were recruited prospectively for thalamocortical depth EEG recordings. Three seizure detection metrics (line length-LL, Laplace operator-Lap; Teager energy-TE) were studied within the seizure onset zone and ATN. Results: The LL, Lap, and TE metrics detected 40 (95%) seizures each in the ATN before the behavioral manifestation. Rates of detection in the seizure onset zone were 40 (95%), 42 (100%), and 41 (98%), respectively. The mean detection latency in ATN from SOZ ranged from 0.25 to 5.17 s. Seizures were localized to amygdala-hippocampus, temporal pole, anterior insula and superior temporal gyrus. Conclusions: The pilot study demonstrates that seizures in mesial temporal and temporal-plus epilepsies (i.e., temporoperisylvian) can be detected reliably in the ATN. Further studies are needed to validate these findings.
  • Published In

  • Epilepsy Research  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Pizarro D; Ilyas A; Toth E; Romeo A; Riley KO; Esteller R; Vlachos I; Pati S
  • Start Page

  • 17
  • End Page

  • 20
  • Volume

  • 146