A Case of a Second Intermetatarsal Space Gouty Tophus with a Presentation Similar to a Morton's Neuroma.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Non-infectious soft tissue lesions of the foot and ankle are relatively rare clinically. These include benign and malignant neoplasms, as well as non-neoplastic or pseudotumoral lesions such as ganglionic, synovial and epidermoid cysts, intermetatarsal and adventitious bursitis, inflammatory lesions like gouty tophi and rheumatoid nodules, Morton's neuroma, and granuloma annulare. A 48-year-old male with a history of medically treated tophaceous gout presented with left foot neuropathic pain and paresthesia, in the setting of a well-circumscribed soft tissue lesion of the second intermetatarsal space, suspected to be a Morton's neuroma. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a 4.1 x 2.7 x 2.6 cm heterogeneous soft tissue mass containing multiple cystic areas. Excisional biopsy was performed and histologic examination revealed well-circumscribed nodules of amorphous material containing needle-shaped clefts, rimmed by histiocytes, and multinucleated giant cells consistent with a gouty tophus. This is the first case reported in the literature of an intermetatarsal gouty tophus causing neuropathic pain and paresthesia. While Morton's neuroma is the most common cause of this presentation, this case illustrates that other pseudotumoral lesions, such as a gouty tophus, may present similarly, and should be considered in the differential diagnosis. While most cases of tophaceous gout can be adequately treated with urate-lowering therapy, surgery may be indicated for tophi that do not resolve with medical treatment based upon symptom severity, compression of nearby structures, and functional impairment.
  • Published In

  • Cureus  Journal
  • Keywords

  • foot, gout, intermetatarsal, lesion, morton's neuroma, surgery, tophi, tophus
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Razaghi F; Abyar E; Cignetti CA; Jones JA; Lehtonen E; Johnson JL; Anderson M; Hsu A; Paul KD; Shah A
  • Start Page

  • e2620
  • Volume

  • 10
  • Issue

  • 5