Effects of different doses of GEN-003, a therapeutic vaccine for genital herpes simplex virus-2, on viral shedding and lesions: Results of a randomized placebo-controlled trial

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved. Background. GEN-003 is a candidate therapeutic vaccine for genital herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). We compared virologic and clinical impact of varying GEN-003 doses. Methods. Adults with symptomatic HSV-2 received placebo or GEN-003 (30 or 60 µg antigen with 25, 50, or 75 µg adjuvant). Viral shedding and lesion rates before vaccination were compared with those measured immediately after vaccination, then at weeks 29-33 and 53-57 after last dose. Results. Compared with baseline shedding rates, the rate ratios for viral shedding immediately after treatment were as follows: 0.82 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.49-1.36), 30 µg antigen/25 µg adjuvant (30/25) dose; 0.64 (95% CI, 0.45-0.92), 30/50 dose; 0.63 (95% CI, 0.37-1.10), 30/75 dose; 0.56 (95% CI, 0.36-0.88), 60/25 dose; 0.58 (95% CI, 0.38-0.89), 60/50 dose; 0.45 (95% CI, 0.16-0.79), 60/75 dose; and 0.98 (95% CI, 0.76-1.26), placebo. Lesion rate reductions by GEN-003 ranged from 31% to 69%, but lesion rates also decreased among placebo recipients (62%). Reductions in shedding and lesion rate were durable for 12 months for the 60 µg antigen plus 50 or 75 µg adjuvant groups. No serious adverse events occurred with vaccination. Conclusions. The most efficacious vaccine combinations for GEN-003 were the 60 µg/50 µg and 60 µg/75 µg doses.
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    Author List

  • Van Wagoner N; Fife K; Leone PA; Bernstein DI; Warren T; Panther L; Novak RM; Beigi R; Kriesel J; Tyring S
  • Start Page

  • 1890
  • End Page

  • 1899
  • Volume

  • 218
  • Issue

  • 12