Neonatal bladder inflammation alters the role of the central amygdala in hypersensitivity produced by Acute Footshock stress in adult female rats

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2018 Elsevier B.V. There is increasing evidence that chronic pain may be associated with events that occur during critical periods of development. Recent studies have identified behavioral, spinal neurophysiological and spinal/peripheral neurochemical differences in rats that have experienced neonatal bladder inflammation (NBI): a putative model of the chronically painful bladder disorder, interstitial cystitis. Stress has been shown to exacerbate symptoms of interstitial cystitis and produces bladder hypersensitivity in animal models. We recently reported that Acute Footshock-induced bladder hypersensitivity was eliminated in otherwise normal rats by prior bilateral lesions of the central nucleus of the amygdala. Since the spinal and peripheral nervous systems of NBI-treated rats are known to differ from normal rats, the present experiments sought to determine whether a supraspinal nervous system structure, the central amygdala, is still necessary for the induction of Acute Footshock-induced hypersensitivity. The effect of bilateral amygdala electrolytic lesions on Acute Footshock-induced bladder hypersensitivity in adult female rats was tested in Control rats which underwent a control protocol as neonates and in experimental rats which experienced NBI. Consistent with our previous report, in Control rats, Acute Footshock-induced bladder hypersensitivity was eliminated by bilateral Amygdala Lesions. In contrast, Acute Footshock-induced bladder hypersensitivity in NBI-treated rats was unaffected by bilateral Amygdala Lesions. These findings provide evidence that NBI results in the recruitment of substrates of bladder hypersensitivity that may differ from those of normal rats. This, in turn, suggests that unique therapeutics may be needed for painful bladder disorders like interstitial cystitis.
  • Published In

  • Brain Research  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Ness TJ; DeWitte C; DeBerry JJ; Randich A
  • Start Page

  • 99
  • End Page

  • 105
  • Volume

  • 1698