A randomized, placebo- and active-controlled, parallel-group, multicentre, investigator-blinded study of four treatment regimens of posaconazole in adults with toenail onychomycosis.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • BACKGROUND: Onychomycosis accounts for up to 50% of all onychopathies. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of four posaconazole regimens compared with placebo in the treatment of toenail onychomycosis, to assess the safety and tolerability of posaconazole, and to estimate the relative efficacy of posaconazole against terbinafine. METHODS: A phase 2B, randomized, placebo- and active-controlled, parallel-group, multicentre, investigator-blinded (double blind for placebo) study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00491764). Onychomycosis patients aged 18-75years (n=218) were randomized equally to one of six treatment regimens: posaconazole (oral suspension) 100, 200 or 400mg once daily (24weeks); posaconazole 400 mg once daily (12weeks); terbinafine (tablets) 250mg once daily (12weeks); or placebo (24weeks). The primary efficacy variable was complete cure (negative mycology and 0% nail involvement) at week 48. RESULTS: All posaconazole treatment arms had a significantly (P≤0·012) greater proportion of patients with complete cure at week 48 compared with placebo. The proportions of patients with complete cure were numerically higher for posaconazole 200mg/24weeks (54·1%) and 400mg/24weeks (45·5%), but lower for 400mg/12weeks (20%) compared with terbinafine (37%; differences were not statistically significant). Posaconazole was well tolerated. Seven patients receiving posaconazole withdrew because of asymptomatic liver enzyme increases, as mandated by protocol discontinuation criteria. CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy and favourable safety profile of posaconazole suggest a potential new treatment for onychomycosis. The availability of low-cost generic terbinafine may limit posaconazole use to second-line treatment of infections refractory to, or patients intolerant of, terbinafine, or nondermatophyte mould infections.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Keywords

  • Administration, Oral, Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Antifungal Agents, Double-Blind Method, Drug Administration Schedule, Female, Foot Dermatoses, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Naphthalenes, Onychomycosis, Tablets, Terbinafine, Treatment Outcome, Triazoles, Young Adult
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Elewski B; Pollak R; Ashton S; Rich P; Schlessinger J; Tavakkol A
  • Start Page

  • 389
  • End Page

  • 398
  • Volume

  • 166
  • Issue

  • 2