Rasmussen's encephalitis in a 58-year-old female: still a variant?

Academic Article

Abstract

  • BACKGROUND: We report the case of a 58-year-old female with clinical, radiological, and histopathological evidence of Rasmussen's encephalitis, representing the oldest confirmed case to date. CASE SUMMARY: The patient presented with complex partial seizures characterized by numbness of the left face and staring spells. These progressed to a state of epilepsia partialis continua with jerking of the left face, as well as severe cognitive impairment and loss of all communication. The patient responded well to Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy despite early complications and with ongoing treatment is living independently with minimal cognitive impairment. CONCLUSIONS: This represents the oldest confirmed case of Rasmussen's encephalitis and suggests that this diagnosis should be considered in patients of any age with an appropriate clinical picture. We recommend IVIG as a first line therapy for adult cases of Rasmussen's encephalitis.
  • Authors

    Keywords

  • Adolescent, Adult, Cerebral Cortex, Encephalitis, Female, Humans, Immunoglobulins, Intravenous, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Middle Aged, Review Literature as Topic
  • Author List

  • Hunter GRW; Donat J; Pryse-Phillips W; Harder S; Robinson CA
  • Start Page

  • 302
  • End Page

  • 305
  • Volume

  • 33
  • Issue

  • 3