Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is known to be a causative factor in pathological fibrosis and the metastasis of cancer cells, through effects on molecules of the extracellular matrix (ECM). We evaluated the influence of TGF-β1 on the gene expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) in lens epithelial cells (LECs). The results showed that TGF-β1 induced the expression of mRNA for MMP-2 in LECs. Subsequently, in order to examine the role of MMP-2, we overexpressed MMP-2 in LECs by stable transfection. The MMP-2-overexpressing LECs showed typical indicators of a myofibroblast-like cell phenotype, such as multiple layers of cells, elongated morphology, and expression of α-smooth muscle actin. We also showed that an MMP inhibitor blocked the TGF-β1-induced morphological change in LECs. These results demonstrate that MMP-2 plays a role in the transformation of LECs, which has implications for the pathological fibrosis of these cells.