Considerable information concerning the serology and biochemistry of antigen-specific, T cell-derived suppressor factors has been obtained with the use of T cell hybridomas as a source of homogeneous material. Similarly, knowledge of helper T cell products and receptors is accumulating from studies of helper T cell clones and hybridomas. Our strategy for studying the mechanisms by which suppressor factors inhibit responses was to determine whether monoclonal suppressor factors could inhibit antibody responses specific for L-glutamic acid60-L-alanine30-L-tyrosine10 (GAT) in cultures containing unprimed splenic B cells, macrophages, and GAT-specific T cell clones as a source of helper activity. The MHC-restricted, two chain suppressor factors, GAT-FsF2, inhibited these responses if the helper T cell clones and suppressor factor were derived from H-2-compatible mice. Furthermore, responses were inhibited by briefly pulsing T cell clones with GAT-TsF2 in the presence of GAT, indicating that suppressor factors need to be present continuously. In addition, helper T cell clones adsorbed syngeneic, but not allogeneic, GAT-TsF2 in the presence of GAT. Adsorption also requires a shared antigenic specificity between the H-2b-derived helper T cells and TsF2 factor. Thus, helper T cells can serve as the cellular target of antigen-specific, MHC-restricted GAT-TsF2, and cloned helper T cells can be used as a homogeneous target population for analysis of the molecular mechanisms of T cell suppression.