Medicaid or Medicare insurance payer status and household income are associated with outcomes after primary total hip arthroplasty.

Academic Article


  • Our objective was to examine if Medicaid/Medicare health insurance and household income were associated with poorer outcomes after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). We used multivariable-adjusted Cox regression analyses to assess whether insurance payer type and household income were independently associated with health care utilization outcomes or complications post-THA in a cohort of hospital discharges from the 1998-2014 US National Inpatient Sample, adjusting for demographics, underlying diagnosis for THA, medical comorbidity, and hospital characteristics. In a national cohort of 4,116,485 primary THAs, the mean age was 65.5 years, 57% were female, 87% White, and 83% had osteoarthritis. Compared to private insurance, patients with Medicaid had significantly higher hazard ratio (HR) (95% confidence interval (CI)) for hospital charges above the median, 1.18 (1.15, 1.21); discharge to a rehabilitation/inpatient facility, 1.67 (1.62, 1.72); length of hospital stay > 3 days, 1.62 (1.58, 1.67); and in-hospital post-operative complications including infection, 1.70 (1.47, 1.97); transfusion, 1.13 (1.09, 1.16); revision, 1.55 (1.32, 1.82); and mortality, 1.89 (1.35, 2.63). Results were similar for those with Medicare payer status. Compared to the highest quartile, the lowest income quartile was associated with significantly higher HR (95% CI) of hospital charges above median, 1.43 (1.41, 1.45), and a lower HR of discharge to a rehabilitation/inpatient facility, 0.78 (0.77, 0.79); hospital stay > 3 days, 0.82 (0.80, 0.83); infection, 0.57 (0.50, 0.65); and transfusion, 0.80 (0.79, 0.82). The association of Medicaid/Medicare insurance and income with post-THA health care utilization and complications implies that a better understanding of underlying reasons is needed to improve post-THA outcomes.
  • Published In


  • Income, Insurance payer, Medicaid, Medicare, Socioeconomic status, Total hip arthroplasty (THA), Aged, Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip, Female, Hospital Charges, Humans, Income, Insurance, Health, Length of Stay, Male, Medicaid, Medicare, Postoperative Complications, Regression Analysis, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors, Treatment Outcome, United States
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 9374109
  • Author List

  • Singh JA; Cleveland JD
  • Start Page

  • 2489
  • End Page

  • 2496
  • Volume

  • 37
  • Issue

  • 9