Copyright 2018 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc. Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are known suppressors of antitumor immunity, affecting amino acid metabolism and T cell function in the tumor microenvironment. However, it is unknown whether MDSCs regulate B cell responses during tumor progression. Using a syngeneic mouse model of lung cancer, we show reduction in percentages and absolute numbers of B cell subsets including pro–, pre–, and mature B cells in the bone marrow (BM) of tumor-bearing mice. The kinetics of this impaired B cell response correlated with the progressive infiltration of MDSCs. We identified that IL-7 and downstream STAT5 signaling that play a critical role in B cell development and differentiation were also impaired during tumor progression. Global impairment of B cell function was indicated by reduced serum IgG levels. Importantly, we show that anti–Gr-1 Ab-mediated depletion of MDSCs not only rescued serum IgG and IL-7 levels but also reduced TGF-b1, a known regulator of stromal IL-7, suggesting MDSC-mediated regulation of B cell responses. Furthermore, blockade of IL-7 resulted in reduced phosphorylation of downstream STAT5 and B cell differentiation in tumor-bearing mice and administration of TGF-b–blocking Ab rescued these IL-7–dependent B cell responses. Adoptive transfer of BM-derived MDSCs from tumor-bearing mice into congenic recipients resulted in significant reductions of B cell subsets in the BM and in circulation. MDSCs also suppressed B cell proliferation in vitro in an arginase-dependent manner that required cell-to-cell contact. Our results indicate that tumor-infiltrating MDSCs may suppress humoral immune responses and promote tumor escape from immune surveillance.