A STING Agonist Given with OX40 Receptor and PD-L1 Modulators Primes Immunity and Reduces Tumor Growth in Tolerized Mice.

Academic Article


  • Stimulator of interferon genes (STING) signaling induces IFNβ production by intratumoral dendritic cells (DC), driving T-cell priming and recruitment into the tumor microenvironment (TME). We examined to what extent preexisting antigen-specific tolerance influenced the efficacy of in situ delivery of a potent STING-activating cyclic dinucleotide (CDN), ADU S-100, against established HER-2+ breast tumors. ADU S-100 induced HER-2-specific CD8+ T-cell priming and durable tumor clearance in 100% of nontolerant parental FVB/N mice. In contrast, ADU S-100 did not sufficiently prime HER-2-specific CD8+ T cells in tolerant neu/N mice, resulting in only delayed tumor growth and tumor clearance in 10% of the mice. No differences in IFNβ production, DC priming, or HER-2-specific CD8+ T-cell trafficking were detected between FVB/N and neu/N mice. However, activation and expansion of HER-2-specific CD8+ T cells were defective in neu/N mice. Immune cell infiltrates of untreated tumor-bearing neu/N mice expressed high numbers of PD1 and OX40 receptors on their CD8+ T cells, and PD-L1 was highly expressed on both myeloid and tumor cells. Modulating PD-L1 and OX40 receptor signaling combined with intratumoral ADU S-100 administration enhanced HER-2-specific CD8+ T-cell activity, clearing tumors in 40% of neu/N mice. Thus, intratumoral STING agonists could potently prime tumor antigen-specific CD8+ T-cell responses, and adding PD-L1 blockade and OX40 receptor activation can overcome antigen-enforced immune tolerance to induce tumor regression. Cancer Immunol Res; 5(6); 468-79. ©2017 AACR.
  • Authors

    Published In


  • Animals, B7-H1 Antigen, CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes, CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes, Cell Line, Tumor, Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating, Membrane Proteins, Mice, Transgenic, Neoplasms, Receptors, OX40, Tumor Burden
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 14280270
  • Author List

  • Foote JB; Kok M; Leatherman JM; Armstrong TD; Marcinkowski BC; Ojalvo LS; Kanne DB; Jaffee EM; Dubensky TW; Emens LA
  • Start Page

  • 468
  • End Page

  • 479
  • Volume

  • 5
  • Issue

  • 6