T cell activation by processed antigen is equally blocked by I‐E and I‐A‐restricted immunodominant peptides

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The T cell response to a soluble protein requires the processing of the native antigen by an antigen‐presenting cell (APC) to a peptide containing an antigenic determinant, which is transported to and bound on the antigen‐presenting cell surface, where it is subsequently recognized by the specific T cell in the context of the appropriate Ia molecule. Investigating the response of a pigeon cytochrome c‐specific, I‐Ek‐restricted T cell hybrid, which recognizes a determinant present within a 10‐amino acid C‐terminal fragment of the protein, it was previously demonstrated that peptides homologous to the peptide from pigeon cytochrome c, but which were not stimulatory, blocked the T cell response to pigeon cytochrome c as processed and presented by APC. In this report the ability of a series of fourteen, 20‐amino acid overlapping peptides, representing the entire length of staphylococcal nuclease (Nase), were assessed for their ability to block the response of a pigeon cytochrome c‐specific T cell hybrid to antigen‐pulsed presenting cells. Only three Nase peptides blocked the I‐Ek‐restricted pigeon cytochrome c‐specific T cell response. Two of these, Nase 61–80 and Nase 91–110, function as T cell antigens in the I‐Ad and I‐Ab‐restricted response to Nase. The third blocking peptide, Nase 101–120, has not been shown to be a T cell antigen. Two other peptides, Nase 51–70 and Nase 81–100, which are recognized by Nase‐specific T cells in the context of I‐Ek, have no effect on the I‐Ek‐restricted cytochrome c‐specific T cell response. None of these peptides block the higher affinity, heteroclitic response of pigeon cytochrome c‐specific T cells to tobacco hornworm moth cytochrome c. Moreover, the response of an I‐Ak‐restricted T cell to ovalbumin was blocked by the I‐Ek‐restricted cytochrome c peptides from three different species. Thus, peptides with no obvious primary amino acid sequence homology, and which are not capable of being recognized in the context of the same Ia, compete with one another for the sites on the APC necessary for presentation of processed antigen to T cells. These results suggest that there are structures on the APC surface in addition to Ia, which are necessary for effective antigen presentation following processing. One suitable candidate for such a cell surface material is the recently identified peptide‐binding protein, PBP72/74 (Lakey et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 1987. 84: 1659). Copyright © 1987 WILEY‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 1204757
  • Author List

  • Lakey EK; Casten LA; Anderson MS; Smolenski LA; Smith JA; Margoliash E; Pierce SK
  • Start Page

  • 1605
  • End Page

  • 1609
  • Volume

  • 17
  • Issue

  • 11