Heavy Alcohol Use among Deceased Donors Does Not Impact Recipient Outcomes after Liver Transplantation

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Background Data on liver transplant (LT) outcomes using deceased donors with heavy drinking (HD) (>2 drinks per day) are scanty. Methods Using the United Network for Organ Sharing database (2002-2014), we examined outcomes after LT in adults comparing deceased HD donors with non-HD (ND) donors. Results Of 56 182 first LTs performed in the United States for 10 common indications using deceased donors, 47 882 with available information on alcohol use were analyzed. Of these 47 882 LT recipients, 7298 (15%) were from HD donors, with similar proportion over time (2002-2014, Armitage trend test P = 0.75) and for recipient liver disease etiology (χ2 P = 0.42). Proportion of liver organ used for LT was lower for HD donors compared with ND donors (63% vs 78%; P < 0.001). Five-year outcomes on first LT comparing 7166 HD donors and 21 498 ND donors matched based on propensity score were similar for liver graft (73.7% vs 73.7%, log rank P = 0.98) and patient survival (77.6% vs 77.0%, P = 0.36). On Cox regression analysis, history of HD in deceased donors did not affect liver graft 1.02 (0.97-1.08) or patient survival 1.03 (0.97-1.09). Conclusions Among LT recipients using select liver grafts, history of HD in deceased donors does not impact outcomes after LT.
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    Author List

  • Arora SS; Chahal KS; Axley P; Eckhoff DE; Kuo YF; Satapathy SK; Wiesner R; Singal AK
  • Start Page

  • 1864
  • End Page

  • 1869
  • Volume

  • 102
  • Issue

  • 11