The synergistic effects of HIV and aging on the brain may compromise cognitive reserve, resulting in HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder. The neuroscience literature suggests that computerized cognitive training programs represent a practical strategy to protect or remediate cognitive functioning in older adults. Such cognitive training programs may hold similar therapeutic benefits for adults living with HIV. This systematic review evaluated the effects of cognitive training interventions in adults living with HIV. This systematic review includes 13 studies that have been conducted or are being conducted. Results suggest that cognitive training may improve the cognitive domain that is the target of training. One case study even demonstrated a reversal of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder after cognitive training. Although greater evidence is needed to establish treatment guidelines, current evidence suggests that cognitive training improves cognitive function, which translates to more optimal everyday functioning (i.e., driving), improved mood, greater locus of control, and enhanced quality of life.