Improvement in itch and other psoriasis symptoms with brodalumab in phase 3 randomized controlled trials

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2018 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology Background: Patients with psoriasis have lesional symptoms, including itch, which can reduce quality of life. The efficacy and safety of brodalumab, an interleukin-17 receptor A antagonist, in treating moderate-to-severe psoriasis have been reported in three randomized, controlled, phase 3 trials (AMAGINE-1/-2/-3). Objective: The effect of brodalumab on lesional symptoms was assessed using the psoriasis symptom inventory (PSI), a validated patient-reported instrument. Methods: Patients were randomized to receive brodalumab (140 or 210 mg every 2 weeks [Q2W]), placebo (AMAGINE-1/-2/-3), or ustekinumab (AMAGINE-2/-3) during a 12-week induction phase, followed by a maintenance phase through week 52. Patients electronically rated the severity of PSI items (itch, burning, stinging, pain, redness, scaling, cracking and flaking) during the previous 24 h on a scale of 0 (not at all severe) to 4 (very severe). At each visit, the PSI total score responder status was assessed, with responders defined as having an average weekly total inventory score ≤8 with no item score >1 at week 12. Results: Across AMAGINE-1/-2/-3, brodalumab was associated with improvements in PSI total scores and itch scores vs. placebo from week 2 through week 12 (P < 0.001 in both domains). In AMAGINE-2/-3, brodalumab 210 mg Q2W demonstrated faster onset of PSI total score and itch responses (week 2, 22.1% and 36.4%, respectively) vs. ustekinumab (week 2, 6.9% and 17.1%, respectively) and was associated with improved itch responses vs. ustekinumab after 52 weeks of constant treatment. Conclusion: Brodalumab demonstrated rapid, robust improvements in symptoms assessed by the PSI, including itch, vs. placebo and ustekinumab.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Gottlieb AB; Gordon K; Hsu S; Elewski B; Eichenfield LF; Kircik L; Rastogi S; Pillai R; Israel R
  • Start Page

  • 1305
  • End Page

  • 1313
  • Volume

  • 32
  • Issue

  • 8